Pompei was built on a highland at a middle height of around 30 ms. on the sea-level formed from a prehistoric lava casting. At the mouth of the Sarno river (at that time navigable), the city was destined to become the harbour of some countries far from the sea.The name may derive from the Oscan “pompe” (five), to mean a community of five villages, or from the Greek “pempo” that means “to send”, to underline the fact that it was a huge commercial harbour able to supply of agricultural products (oil and wine) different points of the Mediterranean. Soon Pompeii was influenced by two populations of superior civilization, established in Campania since the VII century B.C.: the Greeks of Cuma and the Etruscans of Capua. A terrifying eruption 4000 long years before Pompeii Till now we believed that the most violent eruption at the Vesuvius has been the one in Pompeii, in 79 AD, but a search of the Osservatorio Vesuviano – Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) points out a more serious event in the Bronze Age (3780 B.C.): an eruption more violent and destroying of the one that made Pompeii and Ercolano disappear. So, the Vesuvius provoked an incredible proportions catastrophe, emitting a power never known till now.


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